In times of global challenges interdisciplinary research in the intrests of extending knowledge is one of the most important developments of our time. When this research involves the convergence of Art and Philosophy, the relationships between them assume particular importance. Filtranisme has been working in this field for over thirty years. “Le filtranisme” arises with the awareness that the individual lives, acts, and thinks within partially crystallized models, which are indeed the result of the interaction between men, but compared to the individual they acquire an independent reality that pre-exists and conditions him in every single aspect of his existence.
Its key figures are the Italians Pablo Maria Landi, Joseph Pace, the French Jean-Marc Mayenga, Philippe Montefusco, and the Brazilian Sergio Valle Duarte.
For Joseph Pace the third millennium must create a new era for art. Explaining: “Not as sufferance, or decline, or failure, but in a humanistic challenge, to put the human being back at the primacy of beauty, intelligence, hope, and dynamism.” Noting that:“By the beauty the aim of filtrerism is to return man at the center of the Universe, in an optic close to the Italian Renaissance which was for two centuries the epicentre of the dimension of sublime art for the human being.”
Doctor Jean-Marc Mayenga, applied filtranistes concepts in maternal and neonatal health; Pablo Maria Landi worked on the iconography of mass society, philosophy and semantics; Sergio Valle Duarte evolved his work through Bio Art, by defining artistically the reading and the writing of DNA with the “Electrophotographs and Photographs with Human Hair for Future Cloning Series”; Philippe Montefusco utilized the new frontier of mass media communication, the paradox, that, despite apparently valid reasoning from true premises, leads to a seemingly self-contradictory unacceptable conclusion; Joseph Pace represented in installation, painting and sculpture the complex relationships between myth, brain, and algorithms mind maps.
“Le filtranisme”, filterism, originates in France in the mid-’80s, in Paris in Saint-Germain-des-Prés, at the Café de Flore, the popular hub associated with the French existentialism. Explaining:“A while later with Mayenga, the Landi, Montefusco, Paulo Anfres Neto and other intellectuals and artists, together we moved to “Les Parasols”, a Café opposite the Café de Flore, to distance us from the existentialism, from which we emancipated also by moving to another Café.” Video (English Subtitles).
On April 1987 in Paris, Pace launched the movement in the first ‘Manifesto Filtraniste’ which was written and published at the Cité Universitaire Internationale de Paris. The founding manifesto did not contained a positive artistic program. Stating: “This committed filterists to a “universal filtranisme” practicing in every medium of art”.
Filtranisme is to be intended as a philosophic current applied to living art. It takes as its starting point as a critical re-foundation of thought, art, and of rational sciences. It emphasizes the experience of the human subject, physiological, mental and social filtering attitude.
In November 1990 in Rome, Pace signed the act of the enlarged filtraniste’s group.
Starting in the 90s, Pace’s thought takes an increasingly sociological turn, stressing the importance of the relation between art, the individual and society, and favouring an applied sociology of art of self-actualization and creativity.
Filterism is characterized by the human beings social, historical, existencial filtering attitude. Explaining: “Filtering thought arises with the awareness that the individual finds himself living, acting, thinking within partially crystallized models, which are indeed the result of human interaction, but with respect to the individual they assume an independent reality that pre-exists and conditions the individual in every aspect of its existence.” Noting That: “Human beings make themselves by a constant historical, social, physiological and mental filtering process. To survive they have to filter air, water, light, as well as politics, love, economy. And for the most of the time the man is unaware of this process.” Stating: “The fact of filter food, air, music, art, love or politics, makes filterists of us all in every moment of our lives. What all human beings have in common is the fundamental doctrine that the ‘filterist’ attitude, the attitude to filter, precedes essence.”
Filterism offer a means of analyzing energy in art and expressing dynamism through the beauty.
In a humanist position emerges a debate which shows the necessity that wishes to place man at the centre of the universe. Close to skeptic postmodern positions and distrust toward ideologies and grand narratives, filtranisme argues that the starting point of philosophic thought must be the individual experience. Stating: “Filterism is a “nascent state”, the moment in which people, living things, new ideas and communication, come together to a new reality. Filterism experience merges to unite knowledge, sciences, art, techniques and different generations.”
Against a sense of disorientation and confusion, Filtranisme emphasizes the pragmatic, practical application of ideas by acting on them to actually test them in human experiences. Noting that: “Contemporary digital and visual technologies, social networks, and world news, offer us new opportunities from our real needs. We need to wake up ourselves as to what is really important.”
Actually filterism have a global perspectives. It explores a range of contemporary art practices around the world, looking closely at central ideas, artists, and artworks as well as the social and cultural contexts in which the work is being produced. Explaining: “Filtrerism’s future perspectives are today a opportunity to articulate an international art conversation. The ideas of filterism remain as significant components of our contemporary culture.”